ANTLERLESS DEER:

Deer that have no antlers or antlers that are less than 7.5 cm (3 inches) long. Generally, antlerless deer include adult female deer and fawns of both sexes.

BEAR MANAGEMENT AREA:

An area of Crown land licensed to an operator for providing bear hunting services to non-resident bear hunters.

CONTROLLED HUNT:

Hunts in which the total number of hunters is restricted. A hunter needs a controlled hunt validation tag to participate in a controlled hunt.

CONSERVATION OFFICER:

A Conservation Officer or a Deputy Conservation Officer appointed under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. This term also includes a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, a police officer or First Nations Constable appointed under the Police Services Act, a game officer designated under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, a park warden designated under the National Parks Act if acting under the direction of a Conservation Officer, and a person whose primary employment responsibility is enforcement of fish and wildlife laws in a border jurisdiction if he or she is acting under the direction of a Conservation Officer.

ENCASED:

A firearm is encased if the firearm is completely contained in a case so that it cannot be loaded or unloaded.

EXPORT PERMIT:

The permit required to take a moose, white-tailed deer, black bear or furbearer, or any part of them, out of Ontario.

FALCONRY:

Falconry involves the use of trained birds of prey for activities that range from hunting for sport to controlling nuisance birds at airports.

Download Falconry Fact Sheet

GAME WILDLIFE:

Game wildlife means a furbearing mammal, game amphibian, game bird, game mammal or game reptile.

FURBEARING MAMMALS:

Badger, beaver, bobcat, coyote, fisher, arctic fox, gray fox, red fox (all phases), lynx, marten, mink, muskrat, opossum, otter, raccoon, red squirrel, striped skunk, weasel (least, long-tailed and short-tailed), wolf, wolverine and polar bear.

GAME MAMMALS:

Black bear, woodland caribou, cottontail rabbit, white-tailed deer, American elk, European hare, varying hare, moose, gray (black) squirrel and fox squirrel.

GAME BIRDS:

Northern bobwhite, ruffed grouse, sharp-tailed grouse, spruce grouse, gray (Hungarian) partridge, ring-necked pheasant, rock ptarmigan, willow ptarmigan and wild turkey.

GAME REPTILES:

Common snapping turtle.

GAME AMPHIBIANS:

Bullfrogs.

 

HUNTING:

Includes lying in wait for, searching for, being on the trail of, pursuing, chasing or shooting at wildlife, whether or not the wildlife is killed, injured, captured or harassed. You need a hunting licence to do any of these things, except where the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act states otherwise.

LICENCES, TAGS AND GAME SEALS

Class H1 Outdoors Card

A H1 Outdoors Card permits the cardholder to hunt with all methods permitted under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. Applicants for this version of Outdoor Card will have to provide documentation that they have passed both the Ontario Hunter Education Course exam and the Canadian Firearms Safety Course exam. These courses are normally delivered in a “One-Stop” combined course; however, both courses are available independently if desired.

Graduates will meet provincial training requirements to hunt and the federal training requirements for firearms for possession, acquisition and ownership.

Any Ontario resident with an Ontario Outdoors Card, Ontario hunting licence or Hunter Education Exam Report indicating the applicant has passed, issued after January 1, 1968, and before January 1, 2006, will be eligible for a H1 Outdoors Card.

H1/H2 Class Outdoors Card Requirements

Class H2 Outdoors Card

A H2 Hunting Outdoors Card permits the cardholder to hunt with all methods permitted under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act except guns. Applicants for this version of the Outdoors Card will have to provide documentation that they have passed the Ontario Hunter Education Course exam.

Class A1 Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card

An A1 Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card permits the cardholder to hunt with all methods permitted under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act.

Applicants for this version of the Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card must be 12 years of age or older and will have to provide documentation that they have passed both the Ontario Hunter Education Course exam and the Canadian Firearms Safety Course exam. These courses are available in a “one-stop” combined course; however both courses are available independently if desired. Graduates will meet provincial training requirements to hunt and the federal training requirements for firearms possession, acquisition and ownership. (Note: to own, acquire and register a gun, you must be 18 years of age or older).

Class A1/A2 Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card Fact Sheet

Class A2 Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card

An A2 Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card permits the cardholder to hunt with all methods permitted under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act and regulations except guns. Applicants for this version of the Hunter Apprenticeship Safety Card must be 12 years of age or older and provide documentation that they have passed the Ontario Hunter Education Course exam.

OUTDOORS CARD:

An Outdoors Card constitutes a licence to hunt the animals and birds specified on the licence tag when that tag is affixed to the card and accompanied by any applicable paper hunting licences and game seals and/or validation tags.

LICENCE TAG:

Means a tag which, when affixed to an Outdoors Card, constitutes a licence to hunt animals or birds, or a class thereof, specified on the tag.

E-LICENCE:

E-licences are resident licences which are available over the Internet and must be printed by the angler or hunter. These licences, when accompanied by an Outdoors Card, allow the angler or hunter to immediately enjoy the open season.

GAME SEAL:

The seal that must be attached to a moose, deer, wild turkey or black bear as soon as the animal is killed. Regulations are proposed which would require a game seal for wolves and coyotes in designated WMUs (see page 4). The game seal must remain attached to the animal while it is transported.

ADDITIONAL GAME SEAL:

A game seal, purchased in addition to the game seal that comes with the deer or bear licence, which allows the hunter to harvest an additional animal under certain conditions. An additional game seal is NOT a licence to hunt for the species. A licence must be purchased before the additional game seal is valid for use.

VALIDATION TAG OR CERTIFICATE:

Means a tag or certificate which validates a licence to hunt game animals of a specified number, age or sex or in a specified area.

VALIDATION TAG (RESIDENTS):

A validation tag must be affixed to the front of the game seal to allow resident hunters to hunt adult moose or antlerless deer. In WMUs 48, 55A, 55B and 57, a specific calf validation tag is required to hunt calf moose. A validation tag is also required to take part in the controlled hunts for deer. A validation tag for a controlled hunt must be carried on your person and not affixed to the game seal. Moose and deer licences obtained by telephone are validated by the ministry on the game seal itself. They are valid for calf moose or antlered deer in other WMUs except for calf moose in WMU 48, 55A, 55B and 57, during the regular open season providing the game seal has not been used.

VALIDATION TAG (NON-RESIDENTS):

A moose validation tag must be affixed to the back of the non-resident hunter’s licence.

VALIDATION CERTIFICATE:

A validation certificate must be carried by non-resident black bear hunters.

 

MOTORBOAT:

Motorboat means a boat with a motor that is attached to the boat and that is capable of being used as a means of propulsion, and includes any floating object being towed by a motorboat.

MUZZLE-LOADER:

A muzzle-loader is a gun that is loaded through the muzzle. A percussion muzzle-loading gun is considered to be loaded if there is a charge of powder and a projectile in the barrel and a percussion cap on the nipple. A flintlock muzzle-loading gun is considered to be loaded if there is a charge of powder and a projectile in the barrel and the vent is unplugged.

NON-RESIDENT:

A person who does not qualify as a resident (see Resident). The ownership of property in Ontario does not qualify a person for a resident’s licence.

NORTHERN RESIDENT MOOSE VALIDATION TAG DRAW:

A second draw, done after the normal draw for validation tags is completed, in which all hunters:

  • Unsuccessful in the draw for a tag in the current year and the two previous years AND
  • Residing in Northern Ontario at the time of their 2005 application AND
  • Applying for a tag in a WMU north of the French and Mattawa Rivers, are eligible for the reserve of five per cent of the validation tag quota available in the WMU to which they have applied.

PARTY HUNTING:

The term “Party Hunting” means two or more persons hunting during an open season for moose, deer or black bear under all of the following conditions:

  • Each person has a valid licence to hunt moose, deer or black bear.
  • The total number of moose, deer or black bear killed by the party does not exceed the total number of game seals held by the members of the party licensed to hunt that species.
  • The total number of moose, deer or black bear of a specified sex, age or type killed by the party does not exceed the total number of game seals validated for that sex, age or type that are held by members of the party.
  • All members of the party hunt together in the same Wildlife Management Unit or portion thereof for which the game seal is valid.
  • Each member of the party hunts within 5 kilometers of the person who holds the game seal that is valid for the wildlife being hunted.
  • Each member of the party must be able to reliably and immediately communicate with other members of the party.

The person who kills the wildlife while hunting in a party shall immediately notify all other members of the party the wildlife has been killed and the game seal holder shall immediately affix the game seal to the wildlife in the manner prescribed on the game seal.

PELT:

The untanned skin of a furbearing mammal, whether or not the skin is on a carcass.

RESIDENT:

A person whose primary residence is Ontario, and who has resided in Ontario for a period of at least six consecutive months during the previous 12 months before the time that the person’s residence is relevant.

SELECTIVE HARVEST SYSTEM:

The system that controls the harvest of breeding moose and deer. The harvest of adult moose and antlerless deer is restricted to those who hold the appropriate validation tag, which is obtained through a random draw. The harvest of calf moose in WMUs 48, 55A, 55B and 57 is restricted to those who hold the appropriate validation tag, which is obtained through a random draw.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED WILDLIFE:

Specially protected wildlife means a specially protected mammal, specially protected bird, specially protected reptile, specially protected amphibian or specially protected invertebrate.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED MAMMALS:

Big brown bat, eastern pipistrelle bat, hoary bat, least bat, little brown bat, northern long-eared bat, red bat, silver-haired bat, eastern chipmunk, least chipmunk, northern flying squirrel, southern flying squirrel, arctic shrew, cinereus (masked) shrew, least shrew, northern short-tailed shrew, pygmy shrew, smoky shrew and water shrew.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED BIRDS (Raptors):

Bald eagle, golden eagle, peregrine falcon, northern goshawk, gyrfalcon, northern harrier, broad-winged hawk, Cooper’s hawk, red-shouldered hawk, red-tailed hawk, rough-legged hawk, sharp-shinned hawk, American kestrel, American swallow-tailed kite, merlin, osprey, barred owl, boreal owl, burrowing owl, barn owl, eastern screech owl, great gray owl, great horned owl, long-eared owl, northern hawk owl, northern saw-whet owl, short-eared owl, snowy owl and turkey vulture.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED BIRDS (other than Raptors):

Brewer’s blackbird, rusty blackbird, yellow-headed blackbird, blue jay, gray jay, belted kingfisher, white pelican and common raven.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED REPTILES:

Blue racer, eastern massasauga rattlesnake, five-lined skink, black rat snake, Butler’s garter snake, eastern fox snake, eastern hognose snake, eastern smooth green snake, Lake Erie water snake, milk snake, northern water snake, queen snake, eastern spiny softshell turtle, Blanding’s turtle, map turtle, midland painted turtle, musk turtle, spotted turtle, western painted turtle and wood turtle.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED AMPHIBIANS:

Blanchard’s cricket frog, blue-spotted salamander, eastern tiger salamander, four-toed salamander, Jefferson salamander, northern dusky salamander, redback salamander, smallmouth salamander, spotted salamander, two-lined salamander, Fowler’s toad and gray treefrog.

SPECIALLY PROTECTED INVERTERBRATES:

Karner blue butterfly, monarch butterfly, West Virginia white butterfly, mottled dusky wing, bog elfin, frosted elfin, black swallowtail, giant swallowtail, Old World swallowtail, pipevine swallowtail, spicebush swallowtail, tiger swallowtail and zebra swallowtail.

VEHICLE

Vehicle means any kind of vehicle that is driven, propelled or drawn on land or ice by any kind of power, including muscular power, and includes the rolling stock of a railway.

WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT UNITS (WMUs):

Numbered divisions of the province used for wildlife management. WMU numbers are used in the tables for open seasons to indicate the relevant geographic areas of the province. Contact an MNR office for exact descriptions of WMU boundaries. MNR Offices

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